Portrait of Bonaventura-Carles Aribau
Espalter i Rull, Joaquim [Sitges, 1809 - Madrid, 1880]
Technique: Oil on canvas
Dimensions: 117 x 90 cm
Date: 1844
Generic classification: Paint
General inventari: 178
Location: Reial Acadèmia Catalana de Belles Arts de Sant Jordi
Notes:
Inscripctions: in the framework, old posters in ink"306". On the back , of the framework, etiquette in the exhibitions: “Un siglo olvidado...”, and the etiquette of the Academy, with ink: “N. (...)06/ N.M. 58/ Retrato de D. Buenaventu-/ra Carlos Aribau/ Por Espalter”. On the back of the framework and the frame, with chalk "16". Provenance: Museum of the former Board of Commerce Date of ingress: 1844 Restaurations: restored by CCRBCM of the Generalitat in 2001 Exhibitions: Barcelona, Exposición de Arte Antiguo, 1902, núm. 1107; Barcelona, Un Siglo Olvidado de Pintura Catalana (1750-1850), 1951, núm. 18;Vilanova i la Geltrú, Pintura romàntica, 2000-2001. Note: This picture presents the portrait of the poet, economist and politician Bonaventura Carles Aribau (Barcelona, 1798-1862) realized by the painter Joaquim Espalter i Rull (Sitges 1809 - Madrid, 1880) the year 1844, when both prominent figures were residing in Madrid. It was an order of the Junta de Comercio de Barcelona to Espalter and, therefore, since then it has formed a part of the Museum that was conforming in the Llotja. The portrait shows on a table to the right of the portrayed one a copy of the diary of Madrid El Corresponsal (of May 22 of one year that it does not manage to read), where Aribau was collaborating, and the manuscript of his famous Oda a la Pàtria (1833), which turned into his more important work and she is considered to be the beginning of the literary Catalan "Renaixença". The work was given to the Ateneo Barcelonés in July, 1877 in order that it was presiding at a literary party in Aribau's honor. Joaquím Espalter studied in Marseilles and Paris, where he was working at Antoine-Louis Gros's workshop and received the influence of the painting of David and of Ingres, and returned to Barcelona in 1833. One year later he went to Italy, where he formed a part of the group of the Catalan Nazarens, and returned to Barcelona in 1842, being established immediately in Madrid where he died in 1880. In 1843 he was nominated a member of number of the Academy of San Fernando's Fine arts and in 1860 teacher of the High school of Painting of Madrid. He turned into the favorite portrayer of the middle class, of manufacturers and bankers, as well as of the Catalans who were living in Madrid. He took part also in decorative projects, as in the decoration of the Auditorium of the Central University of Madrid (1855-1858).


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